Violations of Lex Villia Annalis within the Cursus Honorum of Octavian Augustus

Abstract

Octavian Augustus declared himself as a restorer of the Roman state in its original form from the times before the Civil wars. This is evident from his political will, best known as “Res Gestae Divi Augusti”, as well as from the literary sources for his long rule. Octavian kept only the institutional framework of the Roman republic, but often violated its main principles. This is evident by the discrepancies between Lex Villia Annalis and the cursus honorum of Augustus.