Venetian Commercial Privileges by the Ottoman Sultans from the Beginning of 15th Century


The article discusses the texts of the first treaties between the Ottoman rulers and Venice during the reign of the Sultans from Bayazid I (1389-1402) to Mehmed II (1445-1481). So far, well-known studies have focused on examining the complex political relationships in the Balkans and Asia Minor in the first half of the 15th century, and have rarely affected the analysis of these treaties. Interesting observations can be expected on the dual policy of Venice towards Christian Byzantium and the early Ottoman Empire. The documents discussed here represent the initial form and the subsequent steps in the development process leading to the well-known later capitulations.