Law

The Adoption of Roman Law on the Legislation of Medieval Bulgaria

Abstract

In the medieval Bulgarian state, Roman law was never applicable. However, in the Middle Ages it has exerted a great influence on Bulgarian law. Roman law has influenced the legislation of the Medieval Bulgarian state by Byzantium. Although Roman law has never been a valid law in Bulgaria, but many of its principles and norms have been adopted - sometimes with significant changes and deviations from the Bulgarian feudal law. The sources of the Medieval Bulgarian law created on the basis of Roman law are: Byzantine Ecloga, Slavic Ecloga, and The Law for Judging People, as well as the Farmer's Law ware applied at the time of the First Bulgarian state. They were used during the Second Bulgarian state along with the Syntagma of the Matthew Blastares and Royal charters. Roman law affects our legal institutes and institutions of the Bulgarian feudal law. Roman law has influenced the law of medieval Bulgaria through the influence of Byzantium.

Historical Transformations In Construction Of Obligatory Illegal Order In Bulgarian Legal System

Abstract

This article analyses the legal Construction of Obligatory Illegal Order through the doctrinal legal publications in Bulgaria from 1933 till nowa-days. Similarly, the sufficient numbers of judicial decisions are examined in connection with the topic. As well the applicable normative acts in this matter are considered.

The problem of Obligatory Illegal Order lies in contradictory requirement by the legislator – to forbid its emission, but to demand its execution, even to ask punishment for its negligence. The article goes into formulation that the compulsoriness and the legality are legal properties, which are separate and independent from each other.

The expectation of the author is that the persons with interests at stake to be grounded in Construction of Obligatory Illegal Order, in its premises, elements, connection with other legal institutes, legal results and sequels for the different legal subjects.